51 companies from 20 countries are involved in the Isis explosives supply chain Sohu news-win7codecs

51 companies from 20 countries around the world are involved in ISIS explosives supply chain – the simple explosives made by Sohu news ISIS. Source: a recent online survey by the European Union found that 51 companies from 20 countries in the world were involved in the "ISIS" explosive supply chain. According to the Reuters reported that local 24, found that after 20 months of investigation, from Turkey, India, United States, Brazil and other countries, manufacturing, selling or receiving more than 700 ISIS was used for the manufacture of improvised explosive devices (IED) components, including lead, chemicals and electronic equipment. ISIS, the Conflict Armament Research, which is the watchdog of the investigation, said it was now building a improvised explosive device on a semi industrialized scale. In the manufacturing process, ISIS uses controlled industrial components, as well as common materials including chemical fertilizers and mobile phones. According to the survey, there are 13 companies in Turkey involved in the ISIS explosive supply chain, which is the largest number of companies involved in the country. Among these companies, 8 are transit providers, which are responsible for reselling parts made in Brazil, India, Russia and other countries. The 8 companies are operating in Turkey, and most of them do not sell parts directly to Iraq and Syria. ISIS soldiers, or ISIS agents, buy these parts locally in Turkey and then transport them to Iraq and Syria. After Turkey, India, a total of 7 companies involved. Most of the detonators, fuses, and fuses recorded by the field research team were produced by the 7 companies. According to the laws of India, export of these materials requires certificates, so these materials are legally exported from India to Lebanon and Turkey after obtaining government licenses. Permit for the use of fuses for explosives imported from lebanon. Photo source: the conflict Equipment Institute reports that ISIS has been using the same electronic components in a remotely controlled improvised explosive device made in iraq. These microcontrollers and transistors are manufactured by companies based in Japan, Switzerland and the United states. ISIS soldiers also used NOKIA phones as part of the manufacture of another remote controlled explosive device. Investigators collected 10 mobile phones from ISIS soldiers in Iraq, 8 of which were resold by middlemen in the uae. The investigation found that ISIS can get these parts in a very short period of time. In some cases, it takes only 1 months to get these materials from the material into the surrounding area and to the ISIS. Investigators said that when contacted with the relevant companies, some companies said there was no way to understand where the product was sold. The report also lists 2 companies from china. James Bevan, the head of the conflict Equipment Institute, said the findings were "yes"; 全球20个国家的51家公司涉入ISIS爆炸物供应链-搜狐新闻 ISIS制造的简易爆炸物。 图片来源:网络   一项由欧盟授权的最新调查发现,来自全球20个国家的51家公司涉入了“伊斯兰国”(ISIS)的爆炸物供应链。   据路透社当地时间24日报道,这项历经20个月的调查发现,来自土耳其、印度、美国、巴西等国的公司制造、出售或者接收了700多件被ISIS用来制造简易爆炸装置(IED)的零部件,包括引线、化学品和电子设备。   进行此次调查的监督机构、总部位于英国的冲突装备研究所(Conflict Armament Research)称,ISIS现在是以“半工业化的规模”制造简易爆炸装置。在制造过程中,ISIS使用了受管控的工业部件,同时也使用了包括化肥和手机在内的普通材料。   根据这份调查报告,土耳其有13家公司涉及到了ISIS的爆炸物供应链中,是公司涉及数量最多的国家。   在这些公司中有8家是中转商,负责转售巴西、印度、俄罗斯等国制造的零部件。   这8家公司都在土耳其境内经营,大部分都没有直接将零部件卖到伊拉克和叙利亚。主要是ISIS士兵或者ISIS的代理方在土耳其当地购买这些零部件,然后再转运到伊拉克和叙利亚。   排在土耳其之后的是印度,共有7家公司涉入。参与研究的实地调查组所记录的大部分引爆器、引线和保险丝都是这7家公司生产的。   按照印度的法律,出口这些材料需要证书,因此这些材料都是在获得了政府发放的许可证之后,从印度合法出口到黎巴嫩和土耳其。 黎巴嫩进口爆炸物用保险丝的许可证。 图片来源:冲突装备研究所   报告指出,ISIS在伊拉克制造的一种远程控制简易爆炸装置中一直在用相同的电子部件。这些微控器和晶体管都是由总部设在日本、瑞士和美国的公司制造的。   ISIS士兵在制造另一种远程遥控爆炸装置时还使用了诺基亚手机作为部件。调查人员从伊拉克的ISIS士兵处搜集到了10台这样的手机,其中有8台是通过阿联酋的中间商转售的。   调查发现,ISIS能在很短的时间内就获得这些零部件。在有些情况下,从材料合法进入周边地区到ISIS获得这些材料之间只用1个月。   调查组成员称,在与相关公司联系时,部分公司表示没有办法了解公司产品最终被卖到了什么地方。报告中还列出了2家来自中国的公司。   冲突装备研究所的负责人贝文(James Bevan)称,这些发现说明伊拉克和叙利亚的ISIS基本是“自给自足”,能在当地轻轻松松就买到武器和类似简易爆炸装置零部件这样的战略物资。   他同时指出,ISIS能在短时间内获得这些零部件也说明了国际社会对该组织的爆炸物供应链缺乏监控。   报告中所调查的爆炸物部件都来自伊拉克基尔库克、提克里特和摩苏尔以及叙利亚科巴尼周边的主要战场。  相关的主题文章: